Identifying Contexts for Relationships between Coverage of Health Interventions and Infant Mortality Rate in African Countries
The way in which we analyse and understand data is important, and should be reiterated this World Health Day. The correlation between the Composite Coverage Index and the Infant Mortality Rate is negative, suggesting that such interventions may be ineffective. Yet dis-aggregating this data into economic status, place of residence and level of education may suggest that these interventions can be successful in some African contexts.
Mental Health and Maternal Morbidity: A Neglected Dimension in Maternal Health
Progress in maternal health have been traditionally measured by examining the reduction in maternal death measured through Mortality Rate (MMR). MMR is defined as the number of deaths during pregnancy or within 42 days of pregnancy per 100,000 live births (WHO). Since the adoption of Millennium Development Goals (MDG) maternal death has fallen significantly. Globally, the ratio declined from 400 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births in 1990 to 210 in 2010. Maternal mortality has declined by about two-thirds in Eastern Asia, Northern Africa and Southern Asia. While important gains have been made, progress falls short of achieving MDG 5.
Greater Research is Needed on Mental Health and Urban Planning in the Global South
The link between urban living and mental health has been long established, even as early as the 1900s when city planners and public health officials arrived at what they determined to be a 'healthy population density'. Studies carried out in Sweden and the Netherlands have correlated living in highly urbanized environments to higher rates of depression, anxiety and psychosis. German researchers from the Central Institute of Mental Health in Mannheim have extensively compared how urban and rural dwellers react to stressful situations, with those from the countryside faring much better than their urban counterparts. Densely populated urban environments suffer from high noise levels, unfriendly commuting systems, rampant environmental toxicity and a lack of green public spaces, to name a few.